Curious teenagers (and adults) will have to search for a solution elsewhere, resembling a examine reported final week in the Annals of Inner Medicine. It confirmed that e-cigarettes are much less dangerous than the traditional, combustible type, a truth that may come as a shock to People who get their health info from government officials.
The researchers, led by Lion Shahab, a health psychologist at a University Faculty London, tested the saliva and urine of 181 volunteers representing 5 teams: current people who smoke, present smokers who also use e-cigarettes, present people who smoke who also use nicotine alternative therapy (NRT) products such as gum or patches, former people who smoke who have switched to e-cigarettes, and former smokers who’ve switched to NRT. Shahab et al. found all five teams were receiving comparable quantities of nicotine, but the switchers showed “substantially reduced levels of measured carcinogens and toxins.”
The variations between vapers and smokers had been dramatic, ranging from fifty seven p.c reductions in three volatile organic compounds (ethylene oxide, acrylonitrile, and vinyl chloride) to ninety seven percent reductions in acrylonitrile (one other VOC) and in a tobacco-particular nitrosamine, a potent carcinogen. The degrees for vapers had been at least as little as those for NRT users and in some cases lower, which is placing because NRT is broadly accepted as a protected alternative to cigarettes.
This study, which involved lengthy-time period e-cigarette customers, reinforces the results of a 2016 examine discovering large reductions in toxins and carcinogens among people smok g priv 2 who smoke who switched to vaping during a two-week experiment. Shahab et al.’s findings additionally jibe with chemical analyses of e-cigarette liquids and the aerosol they produce, work that led Public Well being England to endorse an estimate that vaping is something like ninety five percent safer than smoking.
The massive difference in danger between vaping and smoking is hardly surprising, since the former entails inhaling an aerosol that typically consists of propylene glycol, glycerin, water, flavoring, and nicotine, while the latter involves inhaling tobacco smoke, which accommodates 1000’s of chemical substances, hundreds of which are toxic or carcinogenic. But misconceptions about the hazards of vaping are widespread, due to public health officers and anti-tobacco activists who appear intent on obscuring the truth.
In a latest survey of American adults by Vanderbilt Law School professor W. Kip Viscusi, 48 p.c of respondents erroneously mentioned e-cigarettes are either just as hazardous as the standard sort or much more hazardous. Thirty-eight percent mentioned e-cigarettes are less hazardous, however solely 14 % correctly said they are much less hazardous.
It is no marvel the general public is confused, when the surgeon normal, the Meals and Drug Administration, and the U.S. Centers for Illness Control and Prevention portray e-cigarettes as a menace to public health as an alternative of a chance to reduce smoking-associated disease. All three inaccurately describe e-cigarettes as “tobacco merchandise,” falsely implying that the risks posed by vaping are much like the dangers posed by smoking.